Bolivia is divided into three major natural geographic areas, each covered by three departments.
Bolivia has two capitals:
Bolivia is divided into 9 departments (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz and Tarija) who are organized into 112 provinces and 1652 districts. This administrative division is a legacy of the Spanish colonial period (Audiencia de Charcas). The division into departments was inspired by the French model.
The Bolivian state
Bolivia is an independent republic since 1825, which is governed by three main powers:
The president is both head of state and government. He is elected and his term is 5 years. The executive is also assured by the Vice-President, ministers appointed by the president and governors of provinces.
Legislative power is in the hands of the National Congress divided into two chambers: the upper house consists of 27 senators (3 per province) and the lower house consists of 130 deputies.
The judiciary power is guaranteed by the Supreme Court of Justice, headquartered in Sucre, and Supreme Courts in each department district. The Supreme Court of Justice is composed of 12 judges elected by the National Congress for 10 years.